History of Research Areas and Groups

The Department of Anatomy
The history of the department of anatomy has been dealt with in the volumes of the history of Karolinska Institutet, first by Erik Müller describing the first one hundred years and then by Ture Petrén the years between 1910-1960.  The period after that is here presented by Gunnar Grant, with contributions from Staffan Cullheim, Brun Ulfhake, Mårten Risling and Jan Ekholm.
The Department of Anatomy – From 1961(3)


The Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics (MEB)

A brief account of the department’s origin at Uppsala University and development at KI 1997-2018 by Hans-Olov Adami, with contributions from Olof Nyrén, Juni Palmgren, Jan-Eric Litton and Nancy Pedersen.
Dept of Medical Epidemiology history 1997 – 2018 (pdf)

 

The Department of Neuroscience
The department of Neuroscience was formed July 1st 1993. Initially we were in three different buildings, which complicated the interaction. In 1995, however, Neurophysiology could move into the Berzelius-building, and finally after eight years, in 2001 we could all move into the newly built Retzius laboratory, with facilities designed to fit the different members of the department.
history of the Department of Neuroscience (pdf)

 

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (BBRC)
Recent Progress in Molecular Sciences: Reviews from Karolinska Institutet at its 200-year Anniversary. Edited by Sten Orrenius, Hans Jörnvall. Volume 396, Issue 1, Pages 1-176 (21 May 2010)
View Biophysical Research Communications (BBRC) Volume 396, Issue 1 online

 
Gosta Gahrton – The start of bone marrow transplantation and gene therapy
In 1951, Lorenz and Jacobsen showed that mice that had received lethal irradiation could be saved with bone marrow collected before the irradiation. These results were the background to Donall Thomas’ attempt to transplantbone marrow from normal donors topatients with advanced cancer after previous total body irradiation. The bone marrow of the patients was replaced by the bone marrow supplied.
Gosta Gahrton – The start of bone marrow transplantation and gene therapy

 
Paediatric Research at KI (in Swedish)
Rolf Zetterström – Pediatrisk forskning vid Karolinska Institutet

 
The Gyllensten group at the Department of Histology (in Swedish)
Ulf Ernström – Gyllenstensgruppen Histologen Karolinska Institutet

 

Cell Death Research at IMM and KI
Apoptosis was first introduced as a form of cell death by Kerr, Wyllie and Currie in 1972. However, this topic attracted little research attention for the following several years. In 1986 Sten Orrenius was invited to give a talk in an American-European debate on Mechanisms of Cell Injury, which was held at a Society of Toxicology meeting in New Orleans.
Boris Zhivotovsky & Sten Orrenius – Cell Death Research at IMM and KI

 

Major changes in the KI organisation 1990-96
After the KI 90 report in 1990, major changes were proposed for Karolinska Institutet. Erling Norrby (Centrum för Vetenskapshistoria, Kungl. Vetenskapsakad) recounts the implementation of these changes during the 1990’s. This article is in Swedish.
Kraftfulla förändringar av Karolinska Institutets organisation 1990-96 (Major changes in the KI organisation 1990-96) pdf file


Nursing Research At KI, as I remember it (in Swedish)

Hjördis Björwell remembers nursing research at KI from 1977 onwards
Omvårdnadsforskningen in i KI -som jag minns det


Blood coagulation research at KI 1920-2004, Part I – Basic research
Part one, basic research: on heparin and its derivatives, on thrombogenic and non thrombogenic properties of the vessel wall: on purification of hemostatic factors
Blood coagulation research at KI 1920-2004, Part I – Basic research

 

Blood coagulation research at KI 1920-2004, Part II – Clinical research
Part two: on coronary heart disease, deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and Pulmonary embolism (PE)
Blood coagulation research at KI 1956-2004, Part II – Clinical research

 

How do you do Life Science?
Hans G Boman traces the development of Life Sciences from the 1960’s onwards
How do you do Life Science?

 

The World Health Research and Training Center in Human Reproduction at KI
Marc Bygdeman’s essay starts in the early 1970’s with pioneer Axel Westman, and the establishment of the World Health Organisation (WHO) research programme
The World Health Research -and Training Center in Human Reproduction at the Karolinska Institute

 

Colourful pioneers within radiology by Nina Einhorn (in Swedish)
The history of Radiumhemmet and radiology at Karolinska Institutet  
Nina Einhorn om Färgstarka pionjärer

 

Einar Hammersten and early nucleic acid research at KI (in Swedish)
Arne Engström describes Einar Hammersten’s career at KI, initially as student in the 1920’s, and later as a nucleic acid researcher
Den tidiga nukleinsyreforskningenvid KI

 

From Bone Marrow Transplantation to Gene Therapy (in Swedish)
Gösta Gahrton reccounts how bone marrow transplantation first came to Sweden and led to the development of gene therapy
Från benmärgstransplantation till genterapi  

 

The discovery of Polio and the development of a vaccine (in Swedish)
Essayist Sven Gard’s history of the Polio virus and the development of a vaccine
Polioupptäckten

 

Gustaf Retzius’s scientific work within the fields of Anatomy, Anthropology, Zoology and Botany
Gunnar grant describes Gustaf Retzius’s scientific work within the fields of Anatomy, anthropology, Zoology and Botany
Gustaf Retzius – vetenskapliga arbeten inom anatomi antropologi zoologi botanik

 

Female medical students at Karolinska Institutet the end of the 1800’s (in Swedish)
Evi Gustavsson-Kadaka looks back on life for female medical students at the end of the 1800’s
Om kvinnliga medicine studerande vid Karolinska Institutet i slutet av 1800-talet

 

A short history of primary medical care at Karolinska Institutet (in Swedish)
Ingvar Krakau’s summary of the development of Primary medical care at Karolinska Institutet
Om Allmän praktik i vetenskapens tjänst – kort historik om primärvården långa väg till KI

 

Paediatric medicine’s golden age at Karolinska (in Swedish)
Hugo Lagercrantz relates the advances in Paediatric medicine at KI from the 1950’s onwards
Barnmedicinsk guldålder vid Karolinska  

 

The Hagströmer Medico-Historical Library
Anna Lantz om The Hagströmer Medico-Historical Library
The Hagströmer Medico-Historical Library

 

KI’s roll in the anti-doping campaign (in Swedish)
Arne Ljunguist describes KI’s roll in the anti-doping campaign in sport.
KI i kampen mot Doping

 

Pediatric cardiology at Karolinska Institutet (in Swedish)
The history of Pediatric cardiology at Karolinska Institutet, as told by essayist Bo Lundell 
Barnkardiologins vagga stod på Karolinska  

 

The history of the state owned bacteriology laboratory and the Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control (SMI)
Ragnar Norrby reccounts the history of the state owned bacteriology laboratory and the Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control (SMI) (in Swedish)
Statens bakteriologiska Laboratorium, Smittskyddsinstitutet och samarbetet med Karolinska Institutet

 

The brain is the peacock tail of mankind
An essay about the brain research carried out by English Professor Richard Dawkins. The curious title refers to a chapter in the book
Hjärnan är människans påfågelstjärt

 

The development of environmental medicine at KI
Sten Orrenius och Anna Persson on the development of environmental medicine at KI
Miljömedicinens utveckling vid Karolinska Institutet